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Columbus beats out Portland and others for federal Smart City Challenge

Columbus beats out Portland and others for federal Smart City Challenge

columbus skyline

Downtown Columbus.
(Photo: Sean Denney)

Well, it’s a nice week to be an Ohioan.

Two days after the NBA Championship, the Buckeye State’s capital has apparently scored a $40 million federal grant that’ll be matched by $100 million in private investment to create a model of a future tech-connected city.

Columbus beat out Portland, San Francisco, Austin, Denver, Pittsburgh and Kansas City for the Smart City Challenge victory, an initiative of U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx.

The news was first reported by Columbus Business First, which told the Pittsburgh Business Times that it had gotten the information from Ohio Sen. Sherrod Brown. Columbus CEO magazine offered further confirming details.

Though many of the elements of Columbus’s proposal are similar to Portland’s ultimately unsuccessful one — a multimodal mobility app, electric vehicle charging stations — two things jump out as being absent from Portland’s proposal:

• Local Columbus companies pledged $90 million of their own investment in smart transportation technology as part of the matching-fund total.

It’s hard to say how much of this is just clever repackaging of money that would have been spent anyway, but it’s a very impressive sum. Portland’s application drew lots of letters of support but no local financial commitments like that.

A self-driving fixed-route transit line through the job-rich Easton neighborhood is one of the marquee elements of the Columbus plan — one of the few that the Washington Post mentioned specifically in its June 9 overview.

Though Portland’s initial proposal for the challenge included self-driving transit over Tilikum Crossing, this was scrapped from Portland’s final application. Adrian Pearmine of DKS Associates, who helped prepare Portland’s application, told me May 16 that TriMet had vetoed this element.

In January, we reported one Portlander’s interesting warning that unless U.S. cities develop self-driving transit lines (which would be far cheaper to operate and therefore potentially much more frequent) riding in cars could get catastrophically appealing compared to the alternatives.

There were surely many reasons Columbus won this contest, some beyond Portland’s immediate control. From the Post:

With its mix of blue-collar, white-collar and older workers, and its diversity, firms such as McDonald’s and brands such as Victoria’s Secret have seen Columbus as the “test marketing capital of the world,” the city’s mayor says. Now they want to test-market tricked-out road networks.

If new ideas come from Columbus, the ones that work might be easier to export.

This may come off as faint praise (if it helps, I grew up in Toledo) but few American metro areas of 1 million residents have more generic reputations than Columbus. If Portland had won this challenge and led the nation in next-generation traffic signal and mobility technology, it might have been easy for people in Tallahassee to inaccurately dismiss the best ideas as things that only work for bourgeois hippies. If new ideas come from Columbus, the ones that work might be easier to export.

But of course, Portland didn’t always have a national reputation as an innovator. It earned the one it has, starting with its urban growth boundary in the 1970s and continuing with light rail, parking reform, modern streetcars and bicycle transportation.

Investments like this one are exactly the way cities build reputations, and become the Portlands — or at least the slightly more awesome Columbuses — of the future.

— Michael Andersen, (503) 333-7824 –

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Correction 6/22: An earlier version of this post confused the Columbus neighborhoods of Easton and Linden.

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US DOT Secretary Anthony Foxx on the end of favoring cars

US DOT Secretary Anthony Foxx on the end of favoring cars

DOT Sec Foxx.jpg

Six years ago former US Department of Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood surprised everyone at the closing reception of the 2010 National Bike Summit when he climbed up on a table and made a short but sweet speech.

“I’ve been all over America,” LaHood proclaimed, arms outstretched over 700 bike advocates. “People do want alternatives. They want out of their cars; they want out of congestion; they want to live in livable neighborhoods.”

The next morning he followed that up with a policy document that he said marked “the end of favoring motorized transportation at the expense of non-motorized.”

Fast forward to Wednesday when current DOT Secretary Anthony Foxx came to Portland. He struck resonant chords about America’s failure to diversify our transportation system, but as evidenced by the FAST Act that passed under his watch, federal transportation funding and policy shows no signs of ending its long romance with the automobile.

So when I got the unexpected opportunity to ask Secretary Foxx a question, the first thing that popped into my head was that indelible image of Ray LaHood standing on a tabletop in that Senate ballroom on Capitol Hill. I wondered if Secretary Foxx had any insights into how we might usher in this era LaHood once spoke of.

Here’s the question I asked:

“Secretary Foxx, your predecessor stood on a table at the National Bike Summit in 2010 and announced “The end of favoring motorized transportation at the DOT.” And yet, here we are, six years later and, as you said yourself a few minutes ago, we still have a car-dominant transportation system. What can we do to change that paradigm so that biking, walking, and transit can be the dominant modes and we start thinking of driving and cars as sort of the “appendage” [a term he used in a speech a few minutes earlier] over on the side?”

And here’s his answer:

“I think we’re going to need cars. We’re going to need a mix of transportation options. I think we have a supply-side mentality right now at the federal level where we presume that 80-cents on the dollar should go to the automobile within the Highway Trust Fund. And I actually think over the longer term we’re going to need to look at a more performance-based system where we look at things like: How it congestion best reduced? How do we increase safety? How do we move significant numbers of people most efficiently and effectively and cleanly. And I think that’s going to push us into a different mix of transportation choices.

But I think it’s a slow, gradual process. Look around the world and no country has created a multimodal system overnight; but I think that’s ultimately where we’re headed. We have to have a mix of transportation choices. It includes the automobile, but it’s not exclusive to the automobile.”

If you’re itching for major changes to the status-quo, this isn’t exactly an earth-shattering answer. But since most people resist real change, maybe Foxx’s measured tone is the best way to bend the arc of transportation toward justice toward people who walk and bike and take transit. As an activist I find that trying to strike the tone that brings about the changes I want without excluding the people I need to bring along to make it happen, is a constant struggle.

— Jonathan Maus, (503) 706-8804 –

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US DOT Secretary in Portland for ‘Smart City’ pitch, shares his views on transportation

US DOT Secretary in Portland for ‘Smart City’ pitch, shares his views on transportation

US Transpo Sec Anthony Foxx in Portland-2.jpg

US Department of Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx in Portland yesterday.
(Photos: J. Maus/BikePortland)

It’s a united front of support for a transportation project the likes of which we’ve never seen. And hopefully U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx was just as impressed as we were.

Yesterday the Portland Bureau of Transportation hosted over 50 notable leaders and elected officials from a variety of backgrounds to sit in on a roundtable with Foxx as part of their massive effort to win the $40 million “Smart City Challenge” prize. Portland is one of seven finalists for the grant award and Foxx is currently touring each city before making a final decision in June.

“You can see who’s in and who’s out based on infrastructure.”
— Secretary Foxx, commenting on infrastructure’s role in equity gaps

Portland’s vision is for “Ubiquitous Mobility” — an investment in intelligent transportation systems, apps, smart signals, connected vehicles, and so on — would marry data and travel habits to create a union of effciency, ease, and access that would benefit all Portlanders no matter how they get around.

To win we’ll have to beat out cities like Austin, Denver and San Francisco with the most compelling answer to the question posed by Secretary Foxx yesterday: “How do we harness the best technology to solve our mobility challenges as a country?”

Based on Foxx’s comments yesterday the winner would be wise to shake up the status quo and put equitable access to the technology front and center in their pitch.

There wasn’t enough time yesterday to get into the details of Portland’s vision. Rather, the event was an opportunity for each invited guest to tell Foxx that they support the city’s proposal and are ready to help carry it out.

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Gamification and ‘ubiquitous mobility’: Inside Portland’s $50 million ‘Smart City’ grant pitch

Gamification and ‘ubiquitous mobility’: Inside Portland’s $50 million ‘Smart City’ grant pitch

mobile girls

The city’s plan includes a “Marketplace” mobile app that would let you plan and buy trips by every mode.
(Photo: M.Andersen)

Portland is one of 77 cities around the country that have put in for a one-time federal ‘Smart City’ grant that’s looking to promote big ideas about urban mobility.

An award is a long shot — only one city will get the $50 million prize — but the city’s application (which wraps together a wide variety of concepts for improving and integrating digital transportation data) is an education in itself, offering various details about the city’s vision that we haven’t seen publicly until now.

“For years, I drove to work downtown because I thought it was faster. A colleague showed me UB Mobile PDX and I started to think differently about my commute.”
— Testimonial from fictitious character in City’s grant application

Here’s one: The city is pretty far along in the process of envisioning a single all-purpose “marketplace” that would let smartphone users book and pay for trips by Biketown, TriMet, car2go, Spinlister or Lyft in the same app. Under the vision described here, the city could also integrate parking payments and even the pay-per-mile fee that’s been tested by the Oregon Department of Transportation as a replacement for the gas tax.

The theoretical app would let users weigh their options based on costs, travel times and other factors like carbon emissions.

A mobile app, though, would only be part of the benefit of the integrated system described here and dubbed “Ubiquitous Mobility for Portland” or (are you ready for this?) “UB Mobile PDX” for short.

Most of the programs would be almost invisible to the public, but it’d be working behind the scenes to enable big improvements to the city’s transportation system.

What the new system would do

ubmobile cover

The application’s cover page.

The best way to understand the concept is probably to consider the cheesy but concrete “testimonials” from fictional residents that the city has put in the margins of its application.

As a working parent, getting the kids to daycare and myself to work on time is a constant struggle. With UB Mobile PDX, I can quickly find the fastest and cheapest option — especially on those days when I clock out late or traffic is bad.

I deliver freight to restaurants all over the city. UB Mobile PDX tells me the best route for the day and where I can find parking. Predicting where traffic isn’t has allowed me to add five more stops to my route each day and reduced the mileage fee that my company pays.

I am a transportation engineer at the City. With UB Mobile PDX, I use real time data from our own fleet vehicles to improve system efficiency. Little changes make a big difference — these changes made three planned intersection widening projects unnecessary.

For years, I drove to work downtown because I thought it was faster. A colleague showed me UB Mobile PDX and I started to think differently about my commute. Turns out, Portland has many great options and riding MAX is actually faster than driving at rush hour. I love seeing the dollars saved add up in my app.

At my age, driving isn’t easy, and the walk from the bus stop home can be daunting. With UB Mobile PDX, I don’t have to stay home. I can easily call a rideshare to pick me up from a bus stop and take me to my front door. The information — and volunteer who taught me to use it — has given me my freedom back.

I walk everywhere in my neighborhood, but sometimes wish the streets were safer. I know UB Mobile PDX is the first step in getting cars and trucks that warn drivers of potential crashes with pedestrians onto our streets. I can’t wait for a future when more people use this technology and pedestrian fatalities are a thing of the past.

Tilkum Crossing test area could be a test zone for self-driving transit

tilikum bus max

(Photo: TriMet)

Last month we wrote about the possibility that self-driving cars threaten to wreck our transit system unless we also get self-driving buses that would greatly cut the cost of operating transit.

Portland’s proposal inches toward that possibility by creating “autonomous transportation pilot zones”:

UB Mobile PDX will provide the means by which autonomous vehicles can become mainstream. We have no doubt manufacturers will successfully solve technical issues, but there remains the issues of acceptance and adoption. To aid in this transition, Portland proposes to establish autonomous transportation pilot zones, beginning academic and institutional campuses, as well as a driver-assistance and collision-avoidance bus and train line on the new car-free and multimodal Tilikum Crossing.

This test of autonomous vehicles is presumably the “first step” toward zero fatalities referred to in the final testimonial above.

Bikeshare system plans to use ‘variable pricing and gamification’

Portland bike share launch-8.jpg

Transportation Director Leah Treat on a Biketown demo bike last month.
(Photos: J.Maus/BikePortland)

When it launched, car2go kept its cars fueled by offering discounts to people who filled them with gas.

Similarly, Portland’s forthcoming Biketown system is planning to (eventually) keep its bikes distributed by offering discounts to people who end their trips in key destinations, like the tops of hills or the downtown core at 4 p.m.

In partnership with SoBi, Motivate, and Nike, PBOT is working to create an App that will not only give users real-time data on the location of the bike, but also include real-time route finding. It will be the most technologically advanced App on the bikeshare market. Portland will be the first city to introduce variable pricing and gamification to its bikeshare with the technology on the bike. Instead of rebalancing the bike system with trucks, Portland will use pricing and incentives, thereby reducing the overall carbon footprint of the bikeshare system.

City, state and port are laying the groundwork for “congestion pricing or tolling”

traffic on i-5 -1

When trucks get stuck behind cars, it’s bad for the economy. But so far, the Portland area has decided that it prefers this situation to the horror of charging tolls.

Here’s another tidbit has yet to be reported anywhere.

The City of Portland, in partnership with the Port of Portland, Metro, ODOT, and private sector freight and logistic industry stakeholders, is embarking on a Smart Freight Regional Strategy to facilitate the more efficient movement of goods, employees, and container services. The Strategy is focused on creating a coordinated and comprehensive data hub within various transportation services providing for the following:

• Intensive intelligent transportation system (ITS) management of key freight routes
• Congestion pricing or tolling on key freight corridors
• Facilitated cargo, container, and freight services into and out of the Port of Portland’s
aviation, marine, and industrial properties and along regional truck routes
• Coordination of port cargo schedules and rail schedule data

Congestion pricing is probably better described as decongestion pricing because that’s what it does: unclogs crowded roads by charging people to drive on them, so the only people who do are the ones who truly need to do so.

This is the only known way to control auto congestion over the long run, and it’s the force behind the transformation of central London that is about to see bikes outnumber cars during rush hour.

Application’s success depends on culture of cooperation

The idea of a single integrated mobility app isn’t revolutionary, but its existence would be. That’s because letting our many separate digital transportation databases talk to each other is much easier said than done.

If Portland has a shot at this, it’ll be because we’ve made a case that our cultural commitment to open data — such as GTFS, the transit data standard that TriMet co-created with Google and has now enabled transit apps across the country — has set us up to succeed.

If Portland selected as one of five finalists nationwide, it’d get $100,000 and a few more months to offer more concrete details about just how this would work.

Correction 1:20 pm: An earlier version of this story inaccurately said car2go offers free minutes to people who refuel cars. It launched with that system but no longer uses it.

— Michael Andersen, (503) 333-7824 –

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USDOT Sec. Foxx unveils ‘Grow America Act’, says biking is part of solution

USDOT Sec. Foxx unveils ‘Grow America Act’, says biking is part of solution

Sec. Foxx at the National Bike Summit in March.
(Photo J. Maus/BikePortland)

US Department of Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx has sent his new transportation bill to Congress. The “Grow America Act” is the latest sign that Congress and the Obama Administration are getting serious about addressing our nation’s infrastructure problems as the Highway Trust Fund edges closer to bankruptcy this summer.

In a statement released today, Sec. Foxx said, “I visited eight states and 13 cities as part of my Invest in America, Commit to the Future bus tour this month and everywhere I went, I heard the same thing – people want more transportation options and better roads and bridges to get them where they need to go. Failing to act before the Highway Trust Fund runs out is unacceptable – and unaffordable.”

The four-year, $302 billion bill would address infrastructure maintenance, improve safety programs and investment, boost rail transit, and more. To pay for the investments, the bill relies on “pro-growth business tax reforms.”

In today’s announcement, Sec. Foxx touches on all the standard transportation talking points like job growth, safety improvements, better freight networks, and so on. We scanned the announcement for any mention of bicycling. Unfortunately bicycling wasn’t focused on in any major bullet point. It was barely noted in one of the last paragraphs by the Acting Administrator of the National Highway Traffic Safety Adminstration David Friedman. He said, “Whether traveling by motor vehicle, walking or bicycling, we are committed to ensuring that Americans reach their destinations safely. Our approach will continue to support both safer behavior and safer vehicles to prevent deaths and injuries on our roadways.”

One element of the bill that’s good news for the Portland region is the priority on local decision-making. In other words, the bill would give power to groups like Metro to decide how to spend federal money. Progressive transportation advocates know that when given the opportunity, regional planning agencies tend to much more bike-friendly than the feds.

While today’s official announcement barely reference the importance of bicycling to America’s transportation future, Sec. Foxx struck a different chord while in Indianapolis yesterday for the launch of the next six “Green Lane Project” cities. As reported this morning, Foxx stumped for cycling in front of the pro-bike crowd:

“When you have a swelling population like the USA has and will have for the next 35 years, one of the most cost-effective ways to better fit that population is to better use the existing grid,” Foxx said.

Foxx made his comments to a gathering in Indianapolis of urban transportation experts from around the country, welcoming six new cities into the PeopleForBikes Green Lane Project, a two-year program kicking off Tuesday that will help the cities — Atlanta, Boston, Denver, Indianapolis, Pittsburgh and Seattle — add modern protected bike lanes to their streets.

“I know you are the vanguard in many ways of these issues, and we at U.S. DOT want to do everything we can to be supportive,” Foxx told the crowd.

Until we see the details of the bill, it’s hard to know exactly what “supportive” will mean. Hopefully we see programs in the bill dedicated toward building more bicycle-specific infrastructure like the Indianapolis Cultural Trail, which is one of the premier bikeways in the country.

USDOT Sec. Foxx focuses on safety, politics and economics at Summit speech

USDOT Sec. Foxx focuses on safety, politics and economics at Summit speech

USDOT Sec Foxx at Bike Summit-2

US DOT Sec. Anthony Foxx at the
National Bike Summit.
(Photo by J. Maus/BikePortland)

—BikePortland’s coverage from Washington D.C. is made possible by Planet Bike.

U.S. Department of Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx made his National Bike Summit debut today. The man that used to hold his job, Ray LaHood, was a crowd favorite for many years and had endeared himself with advocates for his pro-bike proclamations (sometimes delivered via tabletop).

Sec. Foxx was well aware of LaHood’s legacy and began his speech today by saying, “I have big shoes to fill.” Looking to bolster his cycling cred, Foxx showed a photo of himself riding one of Charlotte, North Carolina’s bikeshare bikes. Foxx oversaw the launch of bike share during his time as mayor of Charlotte.

After joking that the photo was of him competing in a stage of the Tour de France, Foxx said: “The truth is, I’m a huge fan of biking and my family is as well.”

Foxx’s speech focused on three core themes: the need for safety in the transportation system, the politics of passing a transportation bill, and — which is probably the most well-received portion of the speech — the idea that cycling’s inherent affordability offers even more benefits for low-income families.

When it comes to safety, Foxx has first-hand experience about how dangerous many roads are. He shared a story about being hit while walking crossing a street during his morning run. “I had the right of way, and a car came into the intersection and bumped me on the knee. So I’ve been a victim of what I’m talking about.”

Foxx said he’s aware that collisions involving walkers and bikers are going up around the country. He referred to it as a “crisis” and said he didn’t tolerate it as mayor. “And as U.S. Secretary of Transportation, we certainly won’t stand still and allow this crisis to slowly build up over time. Our roads should be safe and they should be easy places to travel no matter how we’re traveling on them.”

To make roads easier and safer to travel on, Foxx needs money. He touted the FHWA’s TIGER program, now in its sixth year, which he said has funded $150 million in “projects that have helped improve bike networks across America.”

“This isn’t just about recreation, this is about equality and creating opportunities to expand the middle class and help those folks trying to get into the middle class.”

Foxx spent a good portion of his speech touting he and President Obama’s newly released, $302 billion transportation plan (which is already coming under fire from Republicans). The details of that plan are expected to be released today, but he told the 700-plus bike advocates in the crowd that “We’ve made sure this plan includes the resources to step up bicycle and pedestrian programs.”

“I’ve made investing in bicycle and pedestrian improvements a priority,” the secretary added, “And so does the President’s plan.” If the plan passes, and he said that’s “a big if,” it will come with funding to continue and expand the federal government’s support for bicycling and walking investments.

As those funding opportunities come up, Foxx will remember an experience he had with a road diet project during his tenure in North Carolina.
A proposal to put a street on a “road diet” and add bike lanes caused a community uproar. “It was a really difficult time,” he recalled. But, as is usually the case, once the design was implemented, it was a big success. “We are actually seeing more traffic through that system now [with the reduced number of standard vehicle lanes] than before.”

The point he was trying to make is that we should focus on existing streets instead of adding capacity or building new ones. “Using the ones we have,” Foxx said, “it’ll be safer and more efficient.”

For Foxx, biking is about more than transportation. He sees it as a prime example of what President Obama has called “ladders of opportunity.” Foxx cited a League of American Bicyclists report that found one-third of bike trips are made by people who make less than $30,000 per year.

“This isn’t just about recreation,” he said, “this is about equality and creating opportunities to expand the middle class and help those folks trying to get into the middle class.” To increase access to bicycling, Foxx said that it’s just a matter of making it an option and providing basic infrastructure. “That bike path can be the ladder to school or a new job.”

Foxx expanded on this topic in the Q & A session:

“Next to housing, the single greatest investment most families are making is transportation. So, if we create multiple ways for families to reduce transportation expenses, we’re helping them build capacity to invest in other necessities… For instance, if a low-income family can make more use of a bicycle to get to and from places, that’s not only good for the environment, not only good for mobility writ large for everybody — it’s also good on their pocketbooks.”

Obama picks Charlotte Mayor Anthony Foxx for USDOT Secretary – UPDATED

Obama picks Charlotte Mayor Anthony Foxx for USDOT Secretary – UPDATED

Anthony Foxx could be
our next DOT Secretary.
(Photo: Anthony Foxx Facebook Page)

News has broken this evening that President Obama will pick Charlotte Mayor Anthony Foxx as the next US Department of Transportation Secretary. Foxx, 41, would replace Ray LaHood, who Obama appointed in December 2008.

Foxx has been mayor of Charlotte for almost four years and just recently announced he would not seek re-election. He’s a former lawyer who has spent most of his professional life in politics. From what I’ve seen reported so far, it appears Foxx does not have much transportation experience. He’s pushed for highway widening projects, he’s started a streetcar revival in Charlotte and he’s a big proponent of rail transit in general.

Here’s more on the selection of Foxx from Slate’s Matthew Yglesias:

“It’s a savvy choice from the standpoint of the White House’s politics. Charlotte is a fast-growing and successful sunbelt city, and Foxx is well-regarded locally and politically associated with efforts to make it a bit less of a sunbelt sprawl zone and a bit more of a dense urban area…

…In the scheme of things, I like a mayor who’s invested in transit and density much more than the majority of transportation secretaries we’ve had in America but my dream candidate would have only put forward great transportation projects. But fundamentally lots of good things have happened in Charlotte under Foxx, and tapping him is a good sign that Obama wants to continue with progressive transportation reforms. I’m happy.”

Foxx riding his bike to launch Bike Charlotte!.
(Photo: Davie Hinshaw/Charlotte Observer)

And Foxx’s hometown paper, the Charlotte Observer, had this to say about Foxx’s perspective on transportation:

“Foxx is interested in how transit can shape urban development, and he shares the Obama administration’s support for high-speed rail and creating walkable cities with development clustered around transit stops.”

As for bicycling, Foxx has actively supported it. He’s held an annual “Bike to Breakfast” event and he hops on a road bike to help launch “Bike Charlotte,” an annual cycling promotional campaign. When Charlotte launched their bike share system last summer, Foxx grinned for the local media during the inaugural ride.

Rob Sadowsky, executive director of Portland’s Bicycle Transportation Alliance (BTA) said this evening that he’s “very excited to have a Secretary that likes to bike, understands the need for a balanced transportation system and understands urban land use.”

As a bike town, Charlotte isn’t a major bright spot; but they appear to be on the rise. They are currently recognized as a “Bronze” level Bicycle Friendly Community by the League of American Bicyclists. The City of Charlotte Bicycle Plan was last updated in 2008. According to the 2012 Benchmarking Report from the Alliance for Biking and Walking, Charlotte ranks 44th (out of 51) in U.S. cities in terms of how many people walk and bike and 23rd in spending per capita on biking and walking projects. The U.S. Census reports that Charlotte has a 0.2% bicycling mode share.

Obviously, there’s a lot we don’t yet know about Foxx and how he’d manage America’s transportation system. And of course, he might not even be confirmed. Stay tuned.

UPDATE, 4/19 9:13 AM: Here’s the statement on Foxx’s selection from League of American Bicyclists President Andy Clarke:

“When Secretary LaHood announced his departure, the bicycling community asked the White House to appoint a successor with a clear commitment to multi-modal solutions to local transportation challenges, and Mayor Foxx clearly checks those boxes. Under his leadership, Charlotte has invested in light rail, a bikeway network, and a bikesharing system; the city’s Complete Streets approach to building a transportation system that serves all users is a model for the nation. He clearly understands the importance of biking and walking to creating a vibrant and economically successful community where businesses want to locate; where people want to live, raise a family and retire; and where people have a real choice of transportation modes. Cities are the economic engine of the nation and Mayor Foxx knows firsthand the importance of providing an efficient and equitable transportation system that offers real choices while also addressing the health and safety of its residents. We look forward to working with Mayor Foxx in his new role.”

CORRECTION, 9:09 AM: This article mistakently attributed the following quote to Foxx: “The goal of any transportation system, especially rail transit, is not to move people. That is not the goal. The goal is economic development at the stations. The means is by moving people.” That quote was said by Christopher Leinberger, a professor at the George Washington University School of Business in this Washington Post article. I regret any confusion this caused.